Decentralised Data Storage with IPFS

Decentralised Data Storage with IPFS

Blockchain is fascinating and is the big word in today's tech industry. In this blog, we'll explore the concept of IPFS and how it is revolutionising the landscape of data storage and content delivery on the internet.

Understanding IPFS

IPFS, short for InterPlanetary File System, is a peer-to-peer (P2P) protocol designed to create a decentralized and distributed method of storing and sharing hypermedia more efficiently and securely. IPFS is based on Content-Based Identity (CID) or Content-Based Addressing which is created to be faster than the traditional Location-Based Addressing method of saving files. Now, since we are talking about types of addressing methods let's discuss them one by one.

Location-Based Addressing

Location-based addressing is the traditional method of accessing content such as photos, music, and files on the internet and it requires specifying where the content is hosted by providing an absolute path or address to the content.

The limitation of Location-Based Addressing is that it makes use of a centralized server and the contents will be unavailable if the server that hosts them goes down.

Content-Based Addressing

In Content-Based Addressing or Content-Addressed Storage (CAS), every uploaded content has its unique identifier known as Hash, which can be compared to a fingerprint (a unique identifier that is calculated using the bits from either a file or a data stream), and no two contents can share the same hash.

Content such as photos, music, and files are accessible through their unique IPFS hash rather than their location.

Benefits of IPFS

  1. Enhanced Data Availability: With IPFS, data is replicated across multiple nodes, increasing availability. Even if some nodes go offline, the content remains accessible as long as other nodes are hosting it.

  2. Efficient Bandwidth Usage: By using content addressing, IPFS reduces duplicate data transfer, which can lead to significant bandwidth savings.

  3. Offline Access: Since IPFS content can be cached locally, users can access it even when they are offline or have limited connectivity.

As IPFS continues to evolve, it has the potential to revolutionize the way we store and share data on the internet. Its decentralized, content-addressed approach has the power to enhance data availability, security, and reliability while reducing our reliance on centralized servers and traditional hosting solutions. It represents a significant shift in how we think about data storage and content delivery on the internet. By leveraging the power of decentralization, content addressing, and peer-to-peer networks, IPFS offers a more resilient, efficient, and secure way to store and share data.